Plenary Keynote Sessions
- Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
The ASEAN Member States have undertaken various types of campaigns to promote awareness and understanding of biodiversity, its values, and the actions that people can take to conserve it. Several AMS have recognised biodiversity values in their national development plans. Other AMS are in various stages of adopting land use plans and reviewing national frameworks, policies, and international treaties to consider necessary alignments. Positive changes in forest cover in AMS have been observed in the course of implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 in the ASEAN region. AMS report that projects and policies are reducing impacts on forests, demonstrated through sustainable use strategies and certifications, investments in enforcement of policies against trafficking of threatened species, reducing pressures through the diversification of livelihoods, and promoting the concepts and practice of shared environmental care. In many cases, the integration of biodiversity and environment protection into socio-economic development programmes has begun but has not yet been fully implemented.
However, in aggregate, ASEAN forests continue to fragment and all forms of wildlife face risks from the degradation of habitats through illegal logging, land conversion, pollution, overexploitation, use of illegal and destructive harvesting practices, and poaching and trafficking of wild plants and animals. In their 5th and 6th National Reports to the CBD, some AMS report that illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing are still prevalent in the region, possibly by both national and foreign vessels. Despite new and updated legislations, policies, and actions, AMS report on the persistence of pollution. These and many other threats undermine the population growth, diversity, and breeding and reproductive behaviour of wildlife. Such stresses were observed from the growing need for food and industry. Illegal activities are driven by the demand to satisfy markets for high value forest and fisheries products. Deterioration of habitats in terms of area coverage, changes in habitat types, and changes in interactions between and among habitats affect the availability of ecosystem services and niches for the majority of wildlife, both within the boundaries and outside established protected areas.
Headway towards achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets show that AMS are moving in the right direction. However, these have proved inadequate given the magnitude, urgency, and necessary governance scale by which evident positive impacts on biodiversity are observed and experienced. There is need to develop a comprehensive regional biodiversity conservation agenda to achieve, at the minimum, a common understanding of biodiversity, its values and ecosystem services, and the consequences of its loss; and optimally, sustainable ecosystems as a result of aggressive conservation action developed at a scale that will address all drivers of biodiversity loss in the region.
This session will highlight new paradigms in environmental collaborations, beyond site-based work and the usual partnerships engaged, and explore conservation initiatives of business, civil society groups, and other innovations. The ASEAN Community will benefit by learning how to be better organised, strategic, and all-inclusive in addressing regional biodiversity conservation challenges.
- Transformational Change and Sustainability
While the post-2020 global biodiversity framework may be seen to contain the various elements of what kinds of changes or transformation needs to happen in the ASEAN Region to realise the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity, this session will look at the specific details of what those changes or transformations ought to be, so that AMS and their partners will have a clearer idea of what to work for in the coming years until the vision is achieved in 2050.
This topic will cover transition management towards sustainability. In the sustainability studies field, transition management is the approach used to deal with problems that are intractable, recurring, and multi-dimensional, even cross-sectoral. These problems need to be addressed in a constantly evolving and actively learning way of managing activities, resources, and people, so as not to lose sight of the ultimate goal and there is constant attention to how progress is made, even in small increments, as long as it is focused on achieving the long-term goal or vision.
- Mainstreaming Biodiversity
The 14th Conference of the Parties to the CBD in November 2018 reaffirmed the earlier commitment made by the COP in December 2016 to mainstreaming, where, for the first time, biodiversity practitioners, conservationists, experts, and advocates will move beyond the usual circles of friends and supporters to sectors that unfamiliar with the concept and their impacts on biodiversity. Thus, mainstreaming is an attempt to let sectors such as agriculture, forestry, tourism, infrastructure, energy, finance, and others understand their impacts on biodiversity, promote sustainable use and management of resources, and work on specific measures to address adverse impacts.
The first keynote speaker will update participants on what has been done at the international level since COP 13 in Cancun, Mexico where mainstreaming was declared by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at the international level, starting from efforts in Mexico, and continuing in Egypt.
The second keynote speaker will give a response on how the private sector or industry, in general, has responded to this call by the UN CBD.
- Innovations on Biodiversity Conservation
Innovations on financing – technologies, etc.
- IPBES Global and Regional Assessments and Fifth Edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-5)
- Sustainable Wildlife Conservation and Management